Hormonal acne refers to outbreaks caused by hormonal changes, specifically an increase in androgens like testosterone. While acne caused by hormonal changes in puberty is commonly referred to as hormonal acne, it can afflict individuals of any age. It is more prevalent during menstruation and menopause.
This type of acne is more aggravating because you can’t entirely manage the main cause—unbalanced hormones. Acne in adulthood might make you feel anxious as if you don’t present a mature, professional image when you need to.
Hormonal acne commonly arises in the T-zone, which comprises your nose, chin, and forehead, throughout adolescence. Adult hormonal acne may begin in the lower portion of the face, including the jawline and lower cheeks.
Acne can manifest as comedones, which are divided into two types: whiteheads and blackheads.
Keeping an eye out for other acne causes is half the battle. These are five factors that might be exacerbating your breakouts:
Acne can be triggered by hormonal imbalances. Here are a couple of such examples:
A boost in testosterone levels may cause excessive sebum excretion from skin glands. It may also alter the function of some skin cells, resulting in an infection of the hair follicles with the bacteria Cutibacterium acnes. This can result in hormonal acne.
The key to treating hormonal acne is determining the type of pimples you have. Here’s a simple reference guide to get you started.
Whiteheads have a white tip and may be somewhat elevated on the skin, but they are not very red or inflammatory. This can also appear as skin texture (particularly along the cheekbones) or “congested skin,” as some people refer to it.
Blackheads: As predicted, they appear as blocked pores and are dark brown or black in color. They usually appear around the nose, chin, and middle of the forehead (aka the T-zone). Blackheads are usually flat, however they can sometimes be elevated.
Papule and pustule acne: This form of inflammatory acne is red, elevated, and sensitive. If there is no whitehead, you have a papule. When the red papule develops a white, pus-filled head, you have a painful pustule; both of these require identical treatment, which is why we’re lumping them together for the time being.
The most severe kind of acne is cystic acne. Cysts are huge, inflammatory red pimples that lurk beneath the skin and never form a head. They are normally soft to the touch, but you may sometimes encounter tougher cysts, which are properly known as nodules.
Hormonal acne develops as a result of hormonal variations, particularly testosterone. Increased testosterone levels may encourage excessive sebum production by the sebaceous glands. Clogged pores and acne are caused when sebum interacts with debris, germs, and dead skin cells. Taking really good care of your skin coupled with a consistent skin care routine might give you a head start in preserving your skin even before the acne breakouts start surfacing.